Different Names of Raksha Bandhan in Different Indian States



Raksha Bandhan, also known as simply Rakhi is a Hindu secular and religious festival which is celebrated in many areas of the Indian sub-continent. The festival celebrates the love & duty between brothers & sisters.Raksha Bandhan which translates to bond protection’ is normally observed during the full moon day of Shravana; the Hindu lunisolar calendar. This full moon day according to the Gregorian calendar falls in August. Raksha Bandhan is uniquely celebrated in different regions in India. The festival assumes different celebrations and different names, but whatever the name or tradition is; it has one thing in common, the tying of the sacred Rakhi thread.

Also Check: History of Rakshabandhan

Different names of Raksha Bandhan in different Indian states.

1.Nariyal Purnima

Nariyal Purnima


Raksha Bandhan is known as Nariyal Purnima by people who live in the Western Ghats, the coastal region of India. The community relies on fishing activities for their livelihood hence they pray to the god of the sea, Lord Varuna to cast fair winds during the impending monsoon period. Lord Varuna is usually offered nariyal (coconuts) to appease him.Therefore, in his honor garlands of flowers are thrown into the water and pleasingly bejeweled boats also carry lit oil lamps go out of the sea.

2.Avani Avittam

Avani Avittam

Avani Avittam also was known as 'Upakramam' is a significant ritual for Brahmin community in Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It is observed on the 'Shravan Purnima' (full moon day) of the traditional Hindu calendar.It is a kind of Rakhi that is practiced by people of southern Indian states of Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and parts of Orissa. Brahmins of this region observes the day by changing their holy thread i.e. Janeu , immersing themselves in the holy water body and thereafter praying for the forgiveness of their sins in the preceding year.

3.Rakhi Purnima

Rakhi Purnima


Raksha Bandhan is popularly known as Rakhi Purnima in the North West Indian states such as Uttar Pradesh. Here, the practice focuses mainly on the bond between siblings. The sisters perform various Rakhi customs. They apply an arti to the brother, apply a tika of chawal and roli on his forehead & then tie a sacred thread on his wrist.

4.Kajari Purnima

Kajari Purnima
Raksha Bandhan is known as Kajari Purnima in the central Indian states of Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, and Chhattisgarh. Farmers usually worship goddess Bhagwati on this occasion and ask her for a good season of crops. This festival is also important for women having sons. They pray for their son's longevity by worshipping barley brought from the field.

The Kajari festival is a seven-day ritual and starts nine days after the Kajari Amavasya, which is a no moon day. The rituals are performed mostly by women who have given birth to a son. On this day, these women take some mud from a field to sow Kaji (wheat). The soil is then put in conical cups made of leaves that are kept in the inner room of the house, where there is no moisture. Before the soil is kept, the room is washed with cow dung and mud and is decorated with designs made from rice solution. An area of the wall in the room is coated with cow dung solutions, thereafter designs are made like figures of the house, a child in the cradle, a mongoose and a woman with a pitcher. The theme for these drawings is usually household articles and activities.

5.Pavitropana

Pavitropana

Pavitropana is known as Raksha Bandhan in the state of Gujarat. People in this region perform grand puja as they worship Lord Shiva, the three-eyed god. This is also the day that the prayers they have been doing all through the year is concluded.

Related: